Christian Henriot has been awarded one of the prestigious Research Awards (Forschungspreis) of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (Germany).
“The award is granted in recognition of a researcher’s entire achievements to date to academics whose fundamental discoveries, new theories, or insights have had a significant impact on their own discipline and who are expected to continue producing cutting-edge achievements in the future.”
The Research Award was applied for by the University of Heidelberg on behalf of Christian Henriot, with the sponsorship of Prof. Barbara Mittler (Institute for Sinology). The Award is due to start in the fall of 2013.
This distinction and the planned stay of Christian Henriot in Heidelberg in 2013-2014 will strengthen the long-standing collaboration between the Lyons Institute of East Asian Studies (IAO) and the Institute for Sinology at the University of Heidelberg, in particular in the field of digital humanities jointly promoted by Prof. Christian Henriot and Barbara Mittler.
The Virtual Shanghai platform is now home to a new project on contemporary Shanghai — 21th century Shanghai – by the Ecole nationale d’architecture-Paris-Belleville (ENA-PB) and one of its research centers IPRAUS. The management of the project is placed under the responsibility of Bernadette Laurencin, architect & associate faculty member at ENA-PB. It is based on a long-term collaboration with Tongji University in the field of graduate student training in architecture.
The materials made available on the Virtual Shanghai platform appear separately under “IPRAUS collection” for the maps and the photographs. On Live Maps there is now a new GIS web interface that provides access to the various layers of mapping prepared by the team members. The Live interactive map covers various territorial scales: from the Yangzi Delta to the analysis of suburban cities. We plan to enrich this first publication with work produced in the course of teaching and research, especially a Franco-Chinese lexicon that will include descriptive vocabularies of urban sites, new detailed drawings of new towns and other pictures to support our arguments.
This research program – AGE – Large Scale Architecture, 2007 – came from the initiative to produce spatial data on Shanghai to tell the story of the metropolis. We selected eight qualifiers : Water, Vegetation, Mobility, Quality of spatial configuration, Quality of spatial practices, Heritage, Scale, and Density. We invite you to explore this new set of resources.
Please note that this section is proposed in French as it is part of both a research and training program at ENA-PB.
BN-IAO has just released is the second installment of documents digitized in Shanghai with the collaboration of the Institute of History of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences. This installment includes two essential sets, the Municipal Reports of the Shanghai Municipal Council and the Minutes of its meetings.
The current collection of Reports is not complete. It covers the years 1892-1908, 1924-1936 and 1938-1943. With the help of a British scholar, BN-IAO was able to gather a group of Reports for the period 1859-1864 and 1879. BN-IAO will supplement gradually as new copies are to be scanned.
The collection of Minutes covers the entire period of existence of the Shanghai Municipal Council from 1854 to 1943. They were established from the archives held at the Shanghai Municipal Archives.
This collection, along with the Municipal Reports of the French Concession (see previous post) and the Shanghai Political and Economic Reports produced by the UK National Archives (14 vol., Internal consultation only) form the largest collection of primary sources on the foreign municipal administrations in Shanghai before 1943, as well as on the economic and social history of the city.
As part of a collaboration between the Institut d’Asie Orientale and the Institute of History (历史研究所) of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences (上海社会科学院), the Virtual Shanghai Project is making available a set of annual reports (Compte rendu de la gestion) of the French Municipal Council (Commission d’administration municipale) of the former French Concession in Shanghai. The Institute of History generously made available its collection of Compte rendu de la gestion for this major digitizing operation and to share it with the worldwide community of scholars.
The current set does not include all the years during which the French Concession existed in Shanghai, but we hope to supplement our collection as we find additional issues available for digitizing. The set of Compte rendu de la gestion currently includes the following years: 1910-1926, 1929, 1932-1936, 1939-1940. All the files are available in text-searchable format.
The collection of Compte rendu de la gestion is available in BN-IAO, the digital library of the Institut d’Asie Orientale, in the Periodical section.
In the course of a two-year project on “Cities in turmoil”, an attempt to examine everyday life in times of acute change through the use of GIS, Christian Henriot (安克強) has examined the transformation of Shanghai industries during the Civil War period. The study is based on a unique survey of some 10,000 factories and workshops produced in October 1947 and related materials in the daily and specialized press.
The preliminary findings of this study are available available in two forms. The paper presented at the Lyon workshop (7-9 November 2012) is posted on the Virtual Shanghai platform in the “Papers” section. It includes a good number of maps and photographs.The paper presents first a historical narrative on the state of industries during the Civil War. It then proceeds to draw up a portrait of industries through a statistical approach. Finally, it addresses the issue of the spatial patterns of industries in the city. The use of GIS offers the possibility to locate factories and workshops accurately in the urban fabric. It established the reality of a strongly industrialized city, with three main concentration areas. Yet it also reveal the widespread distribution of industrial concerns throughout the city, endowing Shanghai with an economic structure apparently very similar to the large European cities of the first industrial revolution.
While the paper makes use of a few maps, as part of the analytical work performed through GIS, Isabelle Durand, the GIS specialist at IAO, has produced a much larger set of maps that dissect each industrial sector and provide a view of their spatial distribution. In most cases, maps represent the distribution of the factories in three ways: location, capital, and workforce. A few more specialized maps present a comparison of various industrial branches in 1940 and 1947, though for only one territory, that of the International Settlement. Finally, GIS is used to explore possible linkages between industrial sectors, between the location f industries and other parameters (transportation, rivers, housing). The whole set of maps can be found under Map ID 1741-1777.
The Virtual Shanghai team has produced a new set of maps based on data processed and integrated into our GIS. This is the result of a short-term project conducted by Tan Junmin, a GIS graduate student from the University of Strasbourg, as part of his internship at the Institut d’Asie Orientale. Tan Junmin processed a series of maps (1932-2012), as well as aerial photographs (1927, 1939, 2001) which served as the documentary basis for his survey of the transformation of land use in the Shanghai Municipality/region over the last 80 years.
Most maps indicate only the street network, which provides only a vague indication of the actual built-up area. In his work, Tan Junmin selected maps from the Virtual Shanghai collection that provided a clear view of the built-up area. He confronted these maps with aerial photographs taken at three different dates. One of the daunting challenges was the georectifying of the 1927 image that covered not just the urban area, but also large track of rural land. Tan Junmin also made a systematic record of all towns and villages all around Shanghai based on the detailed Japanese army maps of 1932 (see Maps ID 217-218-219-220-221-222-223-224). This unique database of historical rural settlements provided the basis for a study of the process of urban expansion and absorption of these villages into the expanding urban fabric.
A major output of this study was the production of a set of five maps on land use and urban expansion for 1973, 1982, 1997, 2003, and 2012. This set of maps establishes the prodigious expansion of the built-up area between 1982 and 1997 during the first phase of the reforms. Since 1997, the urban expansion has continued to reach out, albeit at a slower pace. The second output was a study of the fate of towns and villages as they met the unfolding urban expansion. In two maps, Tan Junmin has established the distribution of all human settlements in the countryside around Shanghai in 1932. Then by contrasting this distribution pattern with the expansion of the built-up area, he produced a map that displays the process of disappearance of these settlements up to 2012.
The Institut d’Asie Orientale is hosting the second workshop on historical GIS and Chinese urban studies in Lyon on 7-9 November 2012. The workshop will take place at the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon in the Research Building. Participants will explore the issue of “Cities in turmoil” in the Republican period (1912-49) in China through an attempt to implement GIS in the exploration and processng of historical sources. It is part of a two-year joint research project funded by the Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation with the Institute of Modern Chinese History (Academia Sinica) in Taiwan. The co-conveners of the workshop are Prof. Wu Jen-shu (吳仁恕) and Prof. Christian Henriot (安克強). The working languages will be English and Chinese.
L’Institut d’Asie Orientale organise le second workshop sur les SIG historiques et l’histoire urbaine chinoise les 7-9 novembre 2012. Le colloque aura lieu à l’Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon dans le bâtiment Recherche. Les participants vont explorer les enjeux des “Villes en crise” à l’époque républicaine (1912-1949) en Chine à travers une tentative d’appliquer les SIG à l’exploration et au traitement des données historiques. Ce workshop s’inscrit dans une projet de recherche conjoint de deux ans, financé par la Fondation Chiang Ching-kuo, avec l’Institut d’Histoire Moderne de l’Academia Sinica à Taiwan. Les co-organisateurs sont les professeurs Wu Jen-shu et Christian Henriot. Les langues de travail seront l’anglais et le chinois.
We are happy to announce a long-delayed development on the Virtual Shanghai platform. The Live Maps tool now provides access to two major databases, buildings and images, which allow users to search and locate buildings on any map of Shanghai. The list of buildings is based on harvesting the main buildings in the 1939 Shanghai shi hanghao lutu lu 上海市行號路圖錄 (Shanghai Street Directory – VS ID1635 & ID1636), with additions from other sources. Altogether about 1,800 structures are identified. All buildings come with a description based on our standard typology. Whenever we have pictures of a building, a small camera icon is attached to it. One can start from the search box to look up a particular building and locate it in the city. By default, when one click on “go to location”, the targeted location is placed at the very center of the map window.
The second major feature is the image database. All the images from the database are available and searchable from Live Maps. Whenever relevant, we indicate with a “red pin” icon the pictures for which we have a location. It is thus possible to find the picture of a building or particular feature (as we add more links, locations will extend from individual buildings or features (such as park, bridge, etc.) to “locations” such as a street intersection, a lilong, etc.
The related metadata for each point on the map is displayed in two ways. If one clicks on a point, the left-hand side menu will display the basic metadata. Moreover, by simply moving the mouse over any point, a window will pop up, providing the name, address, typology level 1 and a link to all related metadata. It will automatically display all the images of this particular point whenever available. We are currently working on displaying buildings in different colors according to level 1 of the typology. We hope to restore soon the possibility to create maps “on the fly” based on search in the typology.
October 26, 2012 |
Immersive Virtual Shanghai attracted a large public during the ENs Fête des Lumières. Visitors of all ages and from different background had their own reading of the 3D application; everyone could appreciate its animations from different points of view. We received children from recreation centers on Wednesday, six groups of high school students on Thursday, a large number of ENS students, teachers, researchers and staff on Friday, and an even wider variety of visitors on Saturday. Gérald Foliot and Nicolas El-Sayegh answered all technical questions regarding the Virtual Shanghai research platform and the 3D application. Historians Christine Cornet and Dorothée Rihal, as well as Christian Henriot’s doctoral students, Liu Zhe and Jiang Jie presented the historical context and explained how new technologies and the use of visuals can enable to write a new form of history. Finally, the cartographer Cyrielle Guenard presented more technical aspects concerning GIS. The public understood the great variety of skills required to undertake such a project and realized that it is the result of many years of team work. Presentation of Immersive Virtual Paris by Jean-Luc Pinol and Emmanuelle Morlock also allowed the public to enjoy elements of comparison on urban history in 3D.
October 5, 2012 |
The iVS application (Immersive Virtual Shanghai) will be shown again at the ENS Lyon during the festival “lumières” on 10-13 October from 13h30 to 16h30 (14h-17h on saturday)